Living Conditions

Despite Criticism of Economic Performance, Swazis Optimistic About Future Gains

"In its Vision 2022 agenda, the Kingdom of Swaziland lays out its goal of being “in the top 10% of the human development group of countries founded on sustainable development, social justice and political stability”. Public perceptions highlight both challenges and optimism for Swaziland’s path forward. As recorded in the latest national Afrobarometer survey, assessments of the country’s economic situation and of personal living conditions are mixed, and only minorities approve of the government’s performance on some key economic indicators. Nonetheless, lived poverty has declined since 2011, and a majority of Swazis are optimistic about future improvement."

Evaluating Botswana's Performance on National Vision 2016 Public Opinion on Development Pillars

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"In monitoring progress toward Vision 2016’s four long-term goals (sustained development, rapid economic growth, economic independence, and social justice) and seven development “pillars,” the Vision 2016 Council has generally relied on a variety of regional and international indicators of objective data, such as per capita gross national income (GNI) or the Human Development Index (HDI) on the economic front and indicators of governance and democracy from the Mo Ibrahim Foundation and Freedom House on the political front (Vision 2016 Council, 2016). In addition, the council conducted a public opinion survey in 2010 to gain an understanding of ordinary citizens’ evaluations of the document itself and of the country’s progress on its development indicators. This paper aims to complement that study by providing updated analysis from the latest Afrobarometer survey (2014) in Botswana, in addition to longitudinal data and supplementary insights from the Afrobarometer questionnaire’s broader focus."

Survey Report on Key Socio Economic and Governance Issues in Ghana - Main Report

Published: 2016
The IEA Socio-Economic and Governance Surveys, seeks the opinion of the public on socio-economic and governance issues including people’s living conditions, government’s performance in addressing key socio-economic challenges, peace and security, freedom, discrimination, rights of political participation, trust in public institutions etc. Public awareness of socio-economic and governance issues have been enhanced by these surveys and informed debate on key challenges facing the country. The survey was carried out in November/December, 2015 and consisted of a regionally representative sample of 1,500 respondents aged 18 years and above from the 10 regions of Ghana. The study provides comprehensive information on individuals’ perception on the following: (i) economic/living conditions; (ii) safety and security; (iii) media abuse of freedoms; (iv) discrimination and relations between ethnic groups; (v) factors which influence voters in elections; (vi) trust in institutions; (vii) most important problems confronting the country; (viii) performance of current government; and (ix) access to public services in Ghana.

'Lived Poverty' can Inform Swazi Anti-poverty Efforts

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2015
Poverty continues to be a major challenge in Swaziland, exacerbated by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Almost two-thirds (63%) of the Swazi population were living in severe poverty in 2012. While reported mild economic growth and declining poverty levels (African Economic Outlook, 2014) point to some improvement in the living conditions and quality of life for the Swazi people, others have suggested that recent economic growth has not benefited all Swazis.The Afrobarometer survey, which was conducted for the first time in Swaziland in 2013, provides insights into ordinary Swazis’ experience of poverty. Using an experiential measure through a series of survey questions about how frequently people go without basic necessities of life during the course of a year, the Afrobarometer survey offers an important complement to official statistics on poverty and development.

Botswana's Economic Performance Rating Slips: Working-Aged People Express Dissatisfaction with Living Conditions

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2014
"The contradiction between assessments of the Botswana government’s economic management and its handling of social issues raises a number of concerns. Economic performance does not imply that living conditions of individuals will be improved. The Afrobarometer survey data suggests that there is a gap between rural and urban living standards and between those who have benefitted from the government’s highly praised economic management and those who have."

Brain Drain and Regain: The Migration Behaviour of South African Medical Professionals

"Since the end of apartheid, South Africa has experienced a significant outflow of health professionals. The out-migration of health professionals from the country is part of a broader global trend of health professional migration from the Global South to the Global North. In the health sector, this “brain drain” has led to a significant decline in the quality of care in affected countries. The costs of health professional migration for countries of origin are usually measured in terms of lost investment in training and the gaps in medical care left by their departure."

Islands Drifting Apart? A Comparative Analysis of the Socio-Economic Experience of Rodrigues and Mauritius

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2013
Mauritius is one of the leading economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Citizens on the main land have benefited from the economic growth of the past years. This however cannot be said from the Island of Rodrigues as their economy is still reliant on agriculture, fishing and small tourism sector. The economic gain for Rodriguans was small and combined with severe climatic conditions a negative impact was experienced in the agrarian economy. This briefing analysis how Mauritian citizens assess the country's economic management and living conditions.

Economic Conditions, Living Conditions and Poverty in Mozambique

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2010
This briefing paper analyzed how often Mozambicans experience poverty, on one hand, and how they evaluate national and personal economic conditions on the other. Mozambicans were far less likely to experience shortages in basic necessities in 2008 than they were in either 2005 or 2002. Indeed, 41 percent of Mozambicans said in 2008 that their personal living conditions had improved in the previous twelve months. These changes appear to be fuelling increased optimism for the future.

Citizen Perceptions of the Economic and Living Conditions in Zambia

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2010
"High levels of unemployment, coupled with low salaries and poor conditions of service for most of the few people in formal employment, is a serious source of concern for many Zambian citizens. The rise in fuel prises, especially during the period 2006 to towards the end of 2008, among other things, resulted in price increases of essential goods and services. The closure of some companies, including some mining companies, following the world economic recession, resulted in many job losses, further weakening livelihood opportunities for many Zambians. According to the 2006 Living Conditions and Monitoring Survey (LCMS) results, the incidence of poverty in Zambia stood at 64 percent. Under the circumstances, citizens are quite anxious about the country’s economic conditions as well as their own living conditions, both at present and in the near future. This bulletin summarises the perceptions of Zambians with regard to economic and living conditions in the country as captured by the Afrobarometer survey conducted in June 2009."