Poverty

Unlocking Africa’s Potential The Relationship between Effective Governance and Poverty

Extreme Poverty is defined by the World Bank as a ‘condition of life so characterized by malnutrition, illiteracy and disease as to be beneath any reasonable definition of human decency’. This paper addresses this issue and uses US$1.90 per person per day as the level of income necessary to maintain this minimum level of human decency.This paper compares the effects of three interventions on...

Vulnerability in Employment: Evidence from South Africa

The high levels of poverty and unemployment in South Africa, have led to an emphasis on jobs as a solution to these problems. The subject of job creation in South Africa, is at the forefront of the most important economic policy documents, ever since the end of apartheid. However, this analysis shows, that whilst jobs bring down the unemployment rate, they are not necessarily a panacea for...

Disrupting Cycles of Violence in Africa Unlocking Complex Dimensions of Human Security

Complex dimensions of human security is unlocked when the matrix of domination is disrupted, that feeds the systemic inequality and poverty in violence ridden societies. Self-reproducing cycles of chronic violence, driven by a multifaceted combination of structural and interpersonal factors, undermine any efforts to achieve such security. A range of negotiation processes is discussed in this...

Facing Drought, Can Zimbabwe Improve on History of Food Shortage, Poor Management

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2016
"Zimbabwe and other Southern African countries are facing one of their worst food shortages in decades. In February 2016, President Robert Mugabe declared a state of disaster in rural parts of the country severely hit by a drought largely blamed on the impact of El Niño. A rapid assessment led by the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee in January 2016 estimated that 2.8 million...

Local Food Geographies The Nature and Extent of Food Insecurity in South Africa

"Food insecurity is a challenge for most countries in the Global South. South Africa is no exception - a significant proportion of its population still remains in poverty and is therefore vulnerable to food insecurity. This paper argues that although South Africa is food secure at national level, such security is only true of caloric and not nutrient requirements. A section of the country...

Foodways of the Poor in South Africa How Value-Chain Consolidation, Poverty and Cultures of Consumption Feed Each Other

"South African food systems are in a dynamic process of transition due to changes in food value chain regimes which have major impacts on the poor. However, these transitions are also shaped by demandside drivers emerging from the 'foodways of the poor' - the ways poor people access food, what kinds of food they purchase, how they are consumed, and the culturally-conditioned...

Foresight Africa : Top Priorities for the Continent in 2016

Published: 2016
The Africa Growth Initiative and its colleagues discuss six overarching themes in this year’s Foresight Africa, that place Africa at this tipping point and give their views on what they perceive to be key areas for intervention to keep Africa on its current rising trajectory. The format this year, in 2016 is different from years past, encompassing viewpoints from high-level policymakers,...

Understanding the African Lions - Growth Traps and Opportunities in Six Dominant African Economies Understanding Ghana's Growth Success Story and Job Creation Challenges

Ghana has a status as one of the Lions of the African continent. This which is linked to the country’s remarkable growth performance, which culminated in the attainment of lower middle-income status. However, employment response to growth has been weak. Additionally, growth has been accompanied by substantial reduction in poverty, albeit increasing inequality. This development is explained by a...

Rainbow at Risk Improving South Africa's Prospects

Over many generations, South Africa has proved its resilience and the country should bar unforeseen events, also weather the turbulent years ahead. Its long-term growth prospects remain positive and, with the right confluence of leadership and a facilitating global growth environment, prospects could change for the better, and more rapidly than most expect. An inclusive economy needs to be build...

Economics, Governance and Instability in South Africa

This paper analyzes the economic and social underpinnings of rising political instability in South Africa such as poverty, unemployment and inequality. The analysis in this document indicates that the types of violence most feared by people, such as robbery and murder, have increased in South Africa in recent years. Additionally, a worrying picture is painted for the months ahead, with the...

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