Poverty

Explaining South African Xenophobia

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"After widespread violence in 2008 and 2015, South Africa is now clearly one of most hostile destinations in the world for African migrants. Existing research on the determinants of South African xenophobia has focused on developing and advancing theories, with little attention paid to testing which theories, if any, actually account for mass xenophobia. This is the goal of this paper. By...

Digging a Future? Citizens see Positive Impact of Mining in Madagascar

Publisher: Afrobarometer
Published: 2017
"Madagascar is blessed with some of the world’s largest known natural-resource reserves, especially high-grade iron ore and precious stones such as alluvial sapphires. At the same time, its people are among the world’s poorest. Given the wealth of natural resources and poverty of the people, this dispatch examines how ordinary Malagasy view the impacts of the mining sector. Does it reduce...

Improving the Growth and Transition of Small and Medium Enterprises in the Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area

In the face of rising population numbers, urban areas in Uganda are increasingly facing competition for their resources. More than one out of every five Ugandans are residing in urban areas and the urban population is expected to triple in the next two decades. Most of the urban population resides in the Kampala Metropolitan Area (GKMA)— a region challenged with unemployment and inadequate...

Revival of Agricultural Productivity in Africa: Hoping for Better Food Security

Remarkable economic performance accompanied African economies with the entry into the new millennium, in comparison to previous decades. The agricultural sector, which remains the cornerstone of economic and social development, has not remained on the sidelines. This sector, overall, continues to show robust growth, driven by an increase in productivity, measured in part and overall terms....

The Role of Informal Urban Settlements in Upward Mobility

Informal urban settlements influences the well-being of a large section of global humanity . Yet there has been very little research on their role in facilitating social mobility. Such settlements, in theory, may foster human progress by linking rural-urban migrants to the services, contacts and livelihoods concentrated in cities. Longitudinal data is used in this paper for South Africa, in order...

Money Talks - A Key Reason Youths Join Boko Haram

The particular observation in this study, that people join Boko Haram because of financial rewards, challenges the popular scholarly proposition that poverty has no direct causal link with terrorism and violent extremism. Although, it is not the only cause, poverty or financial reward, does, however play an important role in people’s decision to join Boko Haram. The despicable poverty in...

Mozambique’s Debt Crisis: Trawling for Answers

Published: 2017
Debt relief was granted to the government of Mozambique, less than two decades ago, and again this government finds itself unable to honour obligations to international creditors. Pending the publication of an audit of US$2 billion of borrowing by Mozambican companies afforded questionable sovereign guarantees, Africa Research Institute and Zitamar News convened a webinar with four expert...

No Country Left Behind : The Case for Focusing Greater Attention on the World's Poorest Countries

Published: 2017
In the global pursuit of poverty reduction, a minority of countries risks being left behind, both in terms of their levels of deprivation and in the way global progress is accounted for. This suggests that the “leave no-one behind” principle, originally intended to draw attention to marginalized groups such as lower castes or the disabled, might equally be applied to countries. In a preliminary...

Unlocking Africa’s Potential The Relationship between Effective Governance and Poverty

Extreme Poverty is defined by the World Bank as a ‘condition of life so characterized by malnutrition, illiteracy and disease as to be beneath any reasonable definition of human decency’. This paper addresses this issue and uses US$1.90 per person per day as the level of income necessary to maintain this minimum level of human decency.This paper compares the effects of three interventions on...

Vulnerability in Employment: Evidence from South Africa

The high levels of poverty and unemployment in South Africa, have led to an emphasis on jobs as a solution to these problems. The subject of job creation in South Africa, is at the forefront of the most important economic policy documents, ever since the end of apartheid. However, this analysis shows, that whilst jobs bring down the unemployment rate, they are not necessarily a panacea for...

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