Violence and Transition Project Phase 3 (VTP 3): The Transformation of Violence through an African Comparative Lens: Lessons for Violence Prevention

This is a summarised version of the draft consolidated Kenya VTP3 research report. The synopsis is based on two themes; Gender Based Violence (GBV) and Informal Armed Formations (IAF), as part of a larger comparative research project entitled, “Violence and Transition Project Phase 3 (VTP 3): The Transformation of Violence through an African Comparative Lens: Lessons for Violence Prevention”. The main project conducts comparative research that explores the changing nature and dynamics of violence as it plays out through the political transitions in South Africa, Kenya and Zimbabwe. The research focused on two thematic areas, namely gender-based violence (GBV), arguably the most pervasive form of violence in transition, and secondly informal armed formations (IAF) which is experienced as a major challenge in all three countries and elsewhere on the continent. In Kenya, NPI-Africa examined the changing nature in violent conflict patterns among armed youth militia, while paying special attention to the 2007-2008 post-election violence (PEV).