Using a Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) to Investigate Progress on the Sustainable Development Goals in Ethiopia: Gobessa Town, Mitana Gado Kebele (Shirka Wereda), and Wereda 10 (Addis Ababa)

We report on progress in meeting Sustainable Development Goals in three selected sites in Ethiopia: Gobessa Town and Mitana Gado Kebele (in Shirka Wereda) and Wereda 10 (Addis Ababa), comprising a sample of about 5,108 households and a total population of 18,751 individuals. Local-level data from the implementation of a Community-Based Monitoring System census were analyzed for seventeen SDG and thirty-four targets. Aside from the analysis of the poverty status of households and population sub-groups in the study sites, CBMS data also facilitated the generation of a multidimensional poverty index that revealed differences in poverty at the local level. Based on weighted CBMS indicators, the highest proportion of multidimensionally poor was found in Mitana Gado Kebele, followed by Gobessa Town and Wereda 10. About 89.26% of the population in the study area lived below the international poverty line. The CBMS-project team recommends that the government settle rural inhabitants in one area to provide basic facilities effectively. Expanding markets to new areas, even in urban settings, and establishing markets in rural areas are both basic to enhancing involvement in activities and increasing income.