"The expert discussion in this Briefing has identified issues and questions for future research by considering the concepts and their interface from the domestic perspective of a developing country. MAPS will explore some of these further through a research piece focused on developing countries involved with MAPS (Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Peru, India and South Africa). This research focuses on two main question areas: 1) How do developing countries understand the concepts of MA (including the NAMA sub-set) and LCDS, and how do they interface in these countries? 2) Is one of the three more helpful for deepening mitigation action? What alternative concept or interface option could assist?"