"The objective of this paper, therefore, is to discuss the Casamance conflict in order to provide some knowledge and a better understanding of the conflict which has been going on for 28 years. Section one provides a background of conflict and gives details on the pre-conflict situation, the beginning of the conflict, the triggers and the actors to the conflict; Section two discusses the dynamics of the conflict from the beginning to present. A third section discusses the consequences of the conflict. The conclusion provides some lessons learned from the Casamance conflict and recommendations for the management of the conflict."