Understanding the African Lions - Growth Traps and Opportunities in Six Dominant African Economies - Understanding the Relationship between Growth and Employment in Nigeria

The relationship between growth and employment in Nigeria is examined in this study in order to gain insights into the country’s paradox of high economic growth alongside rising poverty and inequality. The methodology adopted is the Shapley decomposition approach, complemented with econometric estimation of the country’s employment intensity of growth. According to the findings in this report, it is indicated that Nigeria’s growth over the last decade has been "jobless" and sustained largely by factor reallocations rather than productivity enhancement. Labour reallocations have been mainly from agriculture and manufacturing towards the low productive services sector. Employment elasticity of growth was positive and quite low, reflecting the country’s poor overall employment generation record, especially in manufacturing.