"This paper gives an overview of the trade links between Uganda, ACP(African, Caribbean and Pacific) countries and the EU. It identifies trade opportunities and challenges in accessing the European agricultural market. It summarizes the key issues and is handy for policy analysts, researchers and policy makers. In this paper, we have argued that there are a number of trade initiatives offered by the European Union which Uganda could take advantage of. However there are enormous challenges both for private sector and government. The benefits envisaged under the Cotonou Partnership Agreement and EBA initiative will largely depend on the country's ability to take sober and strategic decisions to address the challenges."