"This is a timely book on an important subject, namely, the effects of foreign direct investment (FDI) and the operations of transnational corporations (TNCs) on the innovation systems of host countries, in the case of this book, the BRICS countries. The five country case studies provide abundant material, which the introductory chapter starts to synthesise. The emergence of the BRICS countries has already changed deeply the economic and political configuration of the world and it will do so increasingly. However, in the area of science, technology and innovation (STI), a gap remains with the advanced industrialised countries."