"Uganda has been one of the most successful African examples of economic liberalisation in the 1990s. Growth performance has been impressive and evidence from successive household surveys indicates that poverty reduced during the 1990s which is partly attributed to policy reforms including trade liberalisation. The focus of this paper is on how trade has affected poverty in Uganda. Using a combination of analytical tools including Computable General Equilibrium (CGE)this paper identifies which types of households have and have not benefited from trade under Uganda's more liberal economic regime, and suggests what can be done to spread the benefits more widely."