It was found in this study that Kenya has trade facilitation issues, which need to be addressed both at the border and behind the border. The border trade facilitation issues include: port congestion, delays in cargo, complicated and duplicative customs procedures, complex and non-transparent administrative requirements, high costs of clearing and processing information resulting from limited automation and from rent seeking behaviour, wrong declarations and transit cargo delays. Behind the border trade facilitation issues are related to transport and the transport related infrastructure. Costs for Kenya related to implementation of the resultant trade facilitation agreement include: investment costs related to port and customs operations infrastructure, upgrading and human resource capacity building of the key institutions involved in international trade processes, and costs related to development or changes to existing domestic legislation to accommodate the agreement requirements.