"The paper has investigated the association between Zanzibar’s political conflicts and decisive elements such as the colonially framed political identities; the adversarial party relations and politically incompatible views/policies of parties; and lastly but not least, elections themselves. Arguably there are other additionally prominent factors, both proximate and long-term that can explain the current political stand off in Zanzibar. This author however, chose to focus on the above arguments as each element has uniquely helped to resurrect and accentuate age old political conflicts in their own way. At the centre of the paper lies the supposition that the open conflicts in Zanzibar revolve around ethnic and political identities framed by colonial establishments. The paper serves as a strong reminder that these identities are indisputably not a residue of the past but a live force in today’s politics of the isles."