"This book on the promise of SMEs in the NSIs of BRICS represents a significant contribution in three main dimensions. First, it provides an overview of the role of small firms in the Brazilian, Russian, Indian, Chinese, and South African (BRICS) NSIs. The themes and questions addressed in each of the five country chapters offer a richness of novel empirical data; information and analytical findings about SMEs; their economic, social (including gender) and political contribution; the role of different institutional formats for their birth and growth; as well as policies and financing mechanisms and experiences. Second, it brings to the forefront crucial issues in the discussion of the evolution and future trends of industrial and innovation policies and instruments for small firms: their scope, applicability, coordination, and main results, as well as the influence of the macroeconomic, legal and regulatory environments."