The Perceived Nature and Extent of Gender Discrimination in the Teaching Profession in Botswana

"This study is designed with three objectives. First, it provides micro-level data that would facilitate a more complete understanding of the nature and extent of gender inequalities and the processes producing them in the modern (formal) workplace in Botswana. More specifically, it focuses on perceived gender discrimination among teaching professionals in primary schools, secondary schools and colleges. The study seeks to answer the question: Does the teaching profession give advantages to males over females? That is, do male and female teachers experience comparable or differential treatment in terms of recruitment, participation in decisionmaking, promotions, opportunities for professional growth, pay, assignment of tasks, and cooperation of supervisors, among others? To this end,descriptive data on the perceptions of women and men in the teaching profession were collected and analysed. A second objective of the study is to test for gender differences in job satisfaction,professional commitment, organizational commitment and intent to stay in the teaching profession by comparing the mean differences with a view to deducing whether perceived levels in gender discrimination may affect the levels of these employee affective orientations. The third and final objective of the study is to answer the question: Do male and female teachers value the same workplace conditions? To do so, the study compares male and female mean scores in the importance attached to the various workplace conditions studied."