"Pastoralism is a livelihood strategy and a system of mobile livestock production that makes wide-ranging use of grazing lands in arid and semi-arid environment that doesn’t uphold sustainable crop cultivation. The freedom of mobility over outsized land for seasonal pastures is indispensable to pastoralist production primarily in order to convert the pastures residues into human food. The people and livestock in pastoral communities may move to avoid various natural and/or social hazards, to avert competition with others, or to seek more favourable conditions. This book, therefore, explores and synthesizes the lessons learned in the approaches of state development policies and strategies in the pastoral areas of the region. The book is organized into thirteen chapters and two interrelated parts that present feasible framework which can be key input for various stakeholders aspiring to work on improving the lives of millions of pastoralists in the countries of the Horn of Africa."