The Impact of Large Scale Mining on the Livelihoods of Adjacent Communities : The Case of Geita Gold Mine, Tanzania

The contribution of Geita Gold Mine (GGM) to the livelihoods of local communities in Geita District was assessed in this study. It specifically assessed the effectiveness of corporate social responsibility implementation, determined the extent to which GGM has contributed to socio-economic development in the study area, and examined the communities’ perceptions of environmental problems associated with mining activities and their impact on community well-being. The research findings suggested that mining and small-scale agriculture were the most preferred economic activities and contributed a large share of annual income to the households in the study area. GGM seems to have a lot of influence on mining employment, and on indirect employment through market creation. When compared to small-scale farming, these activities generated higher average annual incomes. Similarly, CSR was being implemented, especially in the education and health sectors. This was also accompanied by the provision of both direct and indirect employment. Equally important, respondents recognized the GGM’s support for community health and education.