"The objectives of this report is to explore the impact of Government support to community home-based care activities. The study also look at whether or not the Government has any mechanisms in place to monitor the impact of this kind of support in order to inform the way forward. The lack of efficient use of available resources is a potential problem. Accountability is another important requirement in community based initiatives. In the Botswana situation, accountability should be sought mainly from public officers from the Ministry of Health and Local Government who have the responsibility to give support to people living with AIDS, care givers and AIDS orphans. "