"This policy brief aims to provide an in-depth analysis of China-Mauritius trade relations and their impacts on the Mauritian economy. The accumulated evidence suggests that while the resource-abundant countries of sub-Saharan Africa will benefit from China’s deepening trade relations with the continent, resource-poor countries, which, additionally, are in competition with China in export markets, will lose. Mauritius features prominently in the latter group, yet this study is premised on the argument that China can benefit, rather than hurt, this small island economy."