The High Costs and Consequences of Rwanda's Shift in Language Policy Reform from French to English

"Language policy in Rwanda has revolved around three languages— Kinyarwanda, the indigenous language of Rwandans, French and English: 90 percent of the population speaks Kinyarwanda; 8 percent speaks French; and, 4 percent speaks English. In the aftermath of the 1994 genocide, the Rwandan government has worked strenuously to develop the country and construct a new national image; the shift in language policy from French to English is part of this ambitious project. A shift in language from French to English is expected to have profound effects on the equality of citizens and on the political and economic landscape of the country."