"The purpose of this publication is to examine the feasibility of mandatory fortification of cereals in Botswana. The rest of the publication is organised as follows. Chapter 2 briefly reviews existing literature on the state of malnutrition in Botswana. In Chapter 3, the state of cereal fortification in Botswana is examined. Chapter 4 shows that the milling industry is characterised by the existence of small firms. Chapter 4 also examines the cost of fortification for small, medium and large scale firms. It is assumed that existing firms adopt the NFTRC/RIIC technology, where a ribbon mixer is being recommended by the National Food Technology Research Centre. Chapter 5 examines institutional issues such as advocacy and promotion, legislation and regulations, as well as quality assurance and control. Chapter 6 provides a summary and recommendations."