"This monograph will focus on the role played by peacekeeping missions in the Burundian peace process to ensure that agreements signed by parties to the conflict were adhered to and implemented. The deployment of peacekeeping missions went full circle and more. An African Union (AU) peace mission followed by a United Nations (UN) mission replaced the initial South African Protection Support Detachment(SAPSD). Because the peace process had not yet been completed, and because of the return of the PALIPEHUTU-FNL to Burundi, the UN Security Council (UNSC) approved the redeployment of an AU mission to oversee the completion of the final phase by December 2008."