The African Strategic Environment 2020 Challenges for the SA Army

"The introductory section to this paper argued that the nature of war has changed from inter-state to internal conflict and that formal war is seldom declared – and seldom fought.In fact much more has changed. The very nature of security has undergone an extraordinary shift – and armed forces need to be part of that shift if they are to remain relevant to the security challenges of the decades that lie ahead. Future conflict will be driven by the impact of climate change, competition for resources, the marginalization of the majority world from the centre of politics and global militarization around areas such as the Middle East. Less so than in any period before, the military and the application of force is deeply political."