This publication shares information on tree growing and management for sustainable charcoal production. It focuses on Acacia species with emphasis on Acacia polyacantha and Acacia xanthophloea. Both species are native to a majority of the arid and semi-arid areas in Kenya. The publication also highlights the importance of promoting gender equity as a vital component for supporting grassroots communities to achieve sustainable charcoal production through fair sharing of resources and benefits by both men and women. Charcoal is a key bioenergy resource and source of energy in Kenya, providing 82 percent of urban and 34 percent of rural household energy, employment and income for over 700,000 people who support over two million dependants. Demand for charcoal is fast increasing due to population growth, increased urbanization and the development of cottage industries.