Supporting South African Exporters

"Aggregate exports are the result of the number of firms participating in the export market and the amount exported by each firm. Designing policies to increase total exports requires an understanding of the drivers of these two distinct processes. South African exporters are bigger, more capital-intensive and have higher levels of labour productivity than non-exporters.To increase the number of South African firms participating in the export market, policies need to encourage the growth of existing firms, the entry of new firms and improve firm level productivity. Transport costs need to fall, as these make firms uncompetitive in the international market. Export processing zones can also provide an opportunity to experiment with policies before they are implemented countrywide."