"This paper analyses the impact of structural adjustment programmes on poverty and economic growth in Kenya. The results indicate that there was a decrease in poverty between 1992 and 1994 as shown by all poverty measures, while results from other studies show that poverty increased between 1994 and 1997. There was a remarkable improvement in macroeconomic policies between 1992 and 1994, while poverty declined, but a slight deterioration in macroeconomic policy between 1994 and 1997, which led to an increase in poverty. The study recommends that the institutional bottlenecks hindering economic reform should be addressed."