Some scholars from Western countries have started criticizing China for practicing "neo-colonialism" in Africa, while economic relations between China and African countries are becoming stronger. How can Ethiopia, which was never colonized during the scramble of Africa, be a victim of "neo-colonialism"? On the contrary, the above accounts of the bilateral relations show that Ethiopia is benefiting from her dealings with China. Particularly, the support of China in the construction of infrastructure has changed Ethiopia tremendously. It has a direct and positive role for the economic development of the country.