"This situation report provides explanations for the state of affairs in South Sudan and the implications of the emerging dynamics for the future of the new state. The report advances certain key policy recommendations and options that the various stakeholders, particularly the GoSS, could pursue to nurture and sustain internal peace and stability in South Sudan. Four main categories of insecurity can be crystallised from the history of and current situation in South Sudan: (1) insecurity emerging from age-old cultural practices such as cattle rustling and child abduction; (2) inter-ethnic tensions originating from age-old animosities and tensions; (3) insecurity emanating from strains in North–South relations; and (4) politically motivated tensions originating from political competition, alliances and inter-personality clashes."