"New institutions of governance have emerged in the sector with the hope that they will ensure the equitable and effective management and control of water resources through devolution of management responsibilities from central government to the local community levels. This paper seeks to assess the effectiveness of these new institutions as units of natural resource governance. The purpose of the second paper is to identify the basic problems of the nonformal route of girls' basic education in South Wollo and suggest mechanisms for alternative non-formal provisions.The third paper aims to make recommendations towards establishing the basis for durable solutions to refugee problems in order to make it possible for them to fend for themselves, while at the same time making a contribution to the economy of the host country through concrete refugee enterprises."