In March 2018, Sierra Leone held a general election to elect a new president, members of parliament, and local councils. It was the fourth cycle of elections since the end of the decade-long civil war (1992-2002) when 70,000 people were killed and 2.6 million displaced in the conflict that ravaged the country’s political, economic and social systems. While the country has continued to show resilience after the civil war in its ability to organize and conduct elections and ensure peaceful transitions of power, some of the elections were marred by sporadic violence that revealed the existing tensions in the country.The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to assist the African Union (AU), Regional Economic Communities (RECs), Member States and Development Partners in decision making and in the implementation of peace and security-related instruments.