Sexual Violence Beyond Conflict Termination: Impunity for Past Violations as a Recipe for New Ones?

"One of the main insights emanating from this Policy & Practice Brief is that CRSV does not usually end because incompatibilities are resolved or arms have been put down. The seven African countries attest to a persistent, and sometimes even institutionalised, legacy of CRSV. This legacy appeared in the form of sexual slavery under the command of former rebels and sexual torture practices within governments’ security apparatus. Another general lesson is that almost all seven cases ended with negotiated amnesties at the time of or following end of fighting,though their form and implementation differed mainly based on limitations of international law. This does not, however, mean that they explain the dynamics of continued CRSV. Though commonly referred to as a fertile ground for continued CRSV in policy spheres, it is still unknown whether amnesties, in fact, play this role in reality."