"As the Arab Spring continues to take root across the Middle East bringing unprecedented democratic change and also a high level of instability, debate has emerged on the role of security sector reform (SSR) in the fledgling transitions. From June 20 to 25, 2011, The Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI), in cooperation with the United States Institute of Peace (USIP), held a virtual dialogue to explore this issue. Up to 30 experts in SSR and the Middle East region took part in the lively edialogue, which yielded interesting insights and dilemmas on the role SSR can play in consolidating democracy."