"Previous editions of the Security Sector Reform (SSR) Monitor have explored police and justice reform, links between the police and the military, oversight of Burundi’s security sector and corruption in the security and defence forces. This SSR Monitor looks more closely at the creation and development of Burundi’s new army, the National Defence Forces (FDN), and the specific challenges it faces in managing its structure following demobilization, disarmament and reintegration (DDR) and professionalizing and training its members. It also looks at management and oversight, the army’s relationship with the Burundian public and the specific challenges faced by Burundians in moving forward with FDN reform plans."