Securitisation of Migration in Africa: The Case of Agadez in Niger

This report discusses the securitisation of intra-African migration and its unintended consequences. It has four sections. The first provides a conceptual overview of the securitisation of migration and sheds light on its practical manifestations on the ground. The second discusses securitised migration policies, including the European Union (EU) migration policies implemented in Africa to stem migration from the continent. Drawing from the experience from Agadez in Niger, the third section showcases the unintended consequences of securitisation of migration including increasing the insecurity of Agadez residents, enhancing smuggling, increasing the chances of further destabilisation of the Sahel region, eroding citizens’ and government relations, and exposing migrants to greater risks.