SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 1, 1978

This international affairs bulletin contains the following articles: H.F. Oppenheimer’s article describes the relationship between the state and the individual in southern Africa. In South Africa, rather than the relationship between races, one should consider the relationship of individual South Africans to the State. Majority rule does not guarantee individual freedom. Changes are inevitable in South Africa, with the Government committed to developing separate political institutions for ethnic groups. A more hopeful approach would consider South Africa’s problems in terms of protecting individual rights against the power of the State. John Barratt’s article describes the internal agreement in Rhodesia and the outlook for an international settlement. It gives the background to resolving the Rhodesian dispute since before the collapse of the Portuguese Empire in 1974, it compares the internal agreement with the Kissinger proposals and with the Anglo-American proposals, and provides the international outlook for Zimbabwe. G.K.H. Tötemeyer’s article describes political groupings in Namibia. The impression prevails that the South African Government is considering an internal solution, with all the dangers inherent in such a plan without international support or SWAPO’s participation. Robert Schrire’ article explores the nature of South Africa’s international environment, highlighting the choices facing the country. It deals with American perceptions of South Africa, as well as other factors affecting South African policy, like the economy and internal political stability. The discussion provides the framework within which domestic and foreign choices must be made. General points must be taken into account: one should not confuse political reality with political rhetoric, and not exaggerate the importance of politics and politicians.