"The Ruralstruc program is a program of study and international research on the structural changes of rural economies in the globalization introduced by the World Bank, French cooperation and IFAD. It covers seven countries: Senegal, Mali, Kenya, Madagascar, Mexico and Nicaragua. In Senegal, the programme has also benefited from the support of Swiss cooperation. It has been implemented by the ASPRODEB (Association Sénégalaise by promoting development at the base) who has mobilized a team of researchers of the agricultural and rural prospective initiative (IPAR). The research took place in two phases: the first (2006-2007) helped to develop a State of the places from the existing information; on the place and the role of agriculture in the national economy the second (2007-2009) has been devoted to case studies both sectoral and regional analysis of data-based primary collected from rural households and local operators of the agricultural sector. The main data on the household have been integrated in a database of all countries to conduct comparative analyses. / Le programme Ruralstruc est un programme d'etude et de recherche international sur les changements structurels des economies rurales dans la mondialisation initie par la banque mondiale, la cooperation francaise et le FIDA. Il porte sur sept pays: Senegal, Mali, Kenya, Madagascar, Mexique et Nicaragua. Au Senegal, le programme a egalement beneficie de l'appui de la cooperation Suisse. Il a ete mis en oeuvre par l'ASPRODEB (Association Senegalaise par la promotion du developpement a la base) qui a mobilise une equipe de chercheurs de l'initiative prospective agricole et rurale (IPAR). Le portage institutionnel du programme a ete egalement assure par l'IPAR. La recherche s'est deroulee en deux phases: la premiere (2006-2007) a permis d'elaborer un etat des lieux a partir des informations existantes sur la place et le role de l'agriculture dans l'economie nationale; la seconde (2007-2009) a ete consacree a des etudes de cas sectorielles et regionales reposant sur l'analyse de donnees primaires collectees aupres de menages ruraux et d'operateurs locaux des filieres agricoles. Les principales donnees sur le menages ont ete integrees dans une base de donnees a tous les pays afin de mener des analyses comparatives. "