Return and (Re)Integration in Fragile Contexts: The Experiences of Somali Returnees

Given the increasing number of people returning to Somalia and the political, social and economic consequences thereof, the reintegration of these Somali refugees, rejected asylum seekers, deportees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) becomes an important policy issue. This policy briefing presents policy recommendations based on the results of a pilot study conducted in Kismayo, Somalia. The results illustrate the effects of climate change on the conditions of return, which subsequently pose reintegration challenges to returnees in Somalia. These findings raise vital policy issues in addressing the challenges of displacement and forced migration in the Horn of Africa. Climate change may undermine sustainable reintegration by reducing access to, and the quality of, natural resources that are vital to sustain livelihoods.