This briefing note summarizes a review of literature and policies on youth demographics and implications from our scenario modelling of the short-term and medium-term projections of the youth population in Uganda. Specifically, the briefing note highlights the demand for basic services against population projections. From the literature review and participatory workshops in the EAC, we identified four major domains for youth development: health, including access to sexual and reproductive health services; education and skills development, including information technology and communication; employment; and migration and urbanization. This briefing note focuses on these domains, while acknowledging that there are other important domains for youth development that should be addressed. The briefing note also draws from the country’s demographic dividend report (2014) for which the African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) provided technical leadership.