A Re-examination of the Determinants of Child Labour in Côte d'Ivoire

Despite the political fight against child labour in recent years, this phenomenon remains a concern in Côte d’Ivoire. Several factors explain this social scourge. This research therefore aims to identify the determinants of child labour in Côte d’Ivoire, using 2005 data from the national survey on child labour. The estimated multinomial logit showed that household poverty remains a determinant of child labour. In addition, the phenomenon is more obvious in poor areas. However, the results are not very robust. The vulnerability of households encourages parents to send more boys into the labour market than girls. Besides household poverty, education level of the household head also explains child labour with more robust results. The permanent employment of the household head also influences child labour. This indicates that parent’s employment is precarious. However, when the employment is in agriculture, child labour decreases significantly, especially that of girls. These results indicate that policy makers should implement policies to fight against child labour and promote schooling. For example, policy makers must strengthen adult literacy, agricultural intensification and further targeted free education to improve the living conditions of households. Thus, parents can educate their children rather than sending them to the labour market.