Rapid Results Approach to Development in Africa: Rwanda's Experience

This knowledge product presents a case study about Rwanda’s experience on implementing the Rapid Result Approach (RRA). The objective is to share knowledge among the Africa Community of Practice Members (AfCoP) in efforts to advance the result agenda in Africa. The study was based on documentary survey and analysis. Findings show that the RRA developed by Schaffer Consulting, has been used to transform service delivery and decentralize development initiatives in several countries in Africa. In the aftermath of the genocide, Rwanda sought an approach which could hasten behavioural changes within the public service and economic recovery for political and social stability. Improvements were recorded in the areas of health, adult literacy, assets acquisition and wealth creation. In this paper, Rwanda’s success is attributed to the commitment for results by top leadership, the existence of a robust and implementable policy framework, readiness to learn and creation of a learning environment, recognition and use of local resources, skills, information systems and institutions and eagerness of the targeted groups to embrace change. Based on these findings, the paper recommends to institutions playing key roles in Africa’s capacity development like the World Bank (WB), African Development Bank (AfDB), and the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) to support comparative studies on how the approach worked, where and with what results and why some countries benefited from it more than others. It also recommends to such institutions to establish partnerships between the RRI and some of the African institutes dealing with project development and management or any higher education partner for capacity building and support to train trainers in African tertiary education institutions and popularize and institutionalize the use of RRA. Moreover, there is need for African regional economic communities to explore alternative approaches to project implementation and facilitate exchanges of experiences within and across Africa.