This study therefore assesses the governance of public expenditure in Uganda’s agricultural extension system. The study aims at examining the nature in which decisions pertaining to public expenditure prioritisation and implementation are made. Most specifically the work aims to; 1. Ascertain public expenditure governance practices in Uganda’s agricultural extension system 2. Document the perceptions of actors at the district level on public expenditure governance of agricultural extension. 3. Discuss the implications of specific public expenditure governance practices to sector outcomes. In pursuing this research, the public expenditure governance assessment framework developed by Bogere and Makaaru (2014) which is rooted in the work of Baez-Camargo and Jacobs (2011) was adopted. In the framework, public expenditure governance is defined as “the manner in which decisions over public expenditure are made and implemented including the interaction among actors”. The assessment is conducted along the nine principles of the framework including strategic vision, participation, coordination, transparency, control of corruption, accountability, effectiveness and efficiency, responsiveness and equity. The study scope was restricted to crop production and in doing so, the assessment was restricted to a two year reference period between financial years 2015/16 and 2016/17.