Providing Peace, Security and Justice in Ghana: The Role of Non-State Actors

Those “non-state” actors that deals with peace, security and justice are local non-statutory forms of security and justice providers that exist in most African communities. With their existence a fundamental element of security and justice for people is formed, particularly those in rural communities where state institutions are often unable to reach. Across Sub-Saharan Africa and indeed Ghana, these actors to a larger extent have contributed to peace, security and justice but their roles are often overshadowed by those of state security mechanisms. Thus, a better understanding of these actors and their roles in the provision of security is essential support for durable peace and sustainable development. The role of non-state actors in the provision of peace, security and justice is examined in this policy brief. The primary focus is on Ghana, whereby firstly highlighting the local sources of security and justice. The policy brief proceeds to outline the roles of these actors, and elucidate the relationship between non-state and state actors in the provision of peace and order. Some of the challenges of these non-state groups is highlighted and it concludes with some recommendations.