The government of Kenya is increasingly prioritising the Blue Economy as a potential source of employment and economic growth. In recent years a number of sectoral initiatives have been launched, as well as new institutional structures for the integrated governance of the Blue Economy. The sustainable growth of Kenya’s Blue Economy, however, faces numerous challenges related to economic inclusivity, ecological sustainability and effective governance. This policy insight calls for strengthened dialogue to inform the prioritisation of Blue Economy responses, and for more inclusive, cooperative and adaptive governance approaches.