"Section I of this assessment addresses the central research question of how the challenge of securing nuclear materials on the African continent is currently being addressed by investigating existing and future activities undertaken by African governments together with the implementation support and compliance bodies of the various treaties governing the control of nuclear material, such as the IAEA. Section II is the Chairpersons’ Summary of the 2012 experts’ workshop on ‘Progress on Securing Africa’s Nuclear Resources’ referred to above. The summary, prepared by the organisers, provides an overview of the issues and themes discussed at the workshop, as well as the outcomes, recommendations and a proposed way forward. This booklet also includes two annexures on the status of conventions and treaties related to nuclear security in Africa as well as a select list of conventions, protocols, documents and initiatives regarding nuclear security."