Principles for Election Management, Monitoring and Observation in the SADC Region as adopted on 6 November 2003 at the Kaponong Hotel and Conference Centre, Benoni, Johannesburg

"The document is structured in such a way as to reflect the chronology of events in the management of elections. It begins by discussing the requirements for a sound political and constitutional dispensation that will give birth to an election regime and its supporting electoral institutions. It then looks at the three stages of the electoral process – the pre-election (preparatory) phase, the election phase and the post-election phase. These three phases are all equally important to the procedures and processes necessary to deliver free and fair, credible and legitimate elections in a climate of peace and stability. Specific regional trends and challenges are identified for all three phases and recommendations made for best practice in the management of elections."