"The policy dilemma is that despite the economic growth and macroeconomic stability realized over the last decade, there is as yet no answer to pervasive poverty, nor is there sustained progress towards meeting the Millennium Development Goals. The majority of the African people continue to live under appalling conditions of suffering. What is going wrong, is the question policy makers ask. One critical but often overlooked element of poverty reduction strategies is the role of institutions. Thus the Seventh Senior Policy Seminar responded to policy concerns by exploring how institutions can help make economic growth pro-poor. "