Post-war Defence Integration in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
"This paper explores the defence integration process as designed by the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)’s peace agreement and transitional arrangements from 2003 to 2005. Various efforts undertaken by the transitional government, MONUC and other key players like South Africa, Angola, France, Belgium, the United Kingdom (UK), and the United States of America (USA) are explored. On 30 June 2005 the newly integrated security forces overcame their first joint challenge: ending the transition that began with the implementation of the Pretoria agreements in June 2003. The success of the next phase is expected to lead to the establishment of a new political system based on a new constitution adopted by referendum, and a democratically elected government and parliament."