Policies for Enhanced Livestock Productivity and Wealth Creation in a Changing Climate

Agriculture in Africa is changing rapidly. Agriculture and livestock systems are among the most climate sensitive economic sectors. The sector employs between 70 and 90 per cent of the total labour force in Africa and supplies up to 50 per cent of household food requirements and household incomes. In pastoral and agro-pastoral systems, livestock are key assets for poor people, providing multiple economic, social, and risk management functions. The impacts that climate change will bring about are expected to exacerbate the vulnerability of livestock systems and to reinforce existing factors that are affecting livestock production systems. Climate change may also increase conflict over scarce resources.Rural communities losing livestock assets might lead to the collapse into chronic poverty with long-term effects on their livelihoods.