"This study has investigated the nature of political parties in Namibia. Parties that were formed in the early 1960’s and 1970’s tend to look backwards into history to consolidate their support. But since the history of some of these parties has not always been rosy, this approach has not always been helpful. Even these parties, however, continue to participate in the political process, which the political environment allows them to do. Both the law and institutional machinery allow for a broad range of democratic parties, which need to be nurtured."