"This policy brief examines the efficacy of the community concept in explaining outcomes of planned intervention in general and CBNRM more specifically. The primary aim here is to illustrate the point that a development project involves the interaction of a broad network of actors and interests. Local and supra-local actors seek to promote their interests in intervention programmes. An important way they do this is to promote or protect those institutions that enable them to realise their interests. For this reason we argue that an analysis of the institutional landscape may help us understand how outcomes are configured."