In this bulletin several events within OSSREA for the month of October were discussed. The events includes workshops, an international forum, as well as the appointment of a new executive director. Three featured articles are titled : 1)Violence in Botswana Schools: Implications for Practice, Policy and Research discusses school-related violence experienced by adolescents. 2) A Preliminary Test of Heterogeneity between Family and Hired Labour in Sudanese Agriculture: A Case Study of Gezira Scheme places the emphasis on estimating labour time marginal productivities of family and hired categories of labour within the Gezira tenants’ households and to assess their shadow wages based on the assumption of their heterogeneity. 3)Tanzania – South Africa Bilateral Economic Relations in the Post-Apartheid Era.